Resources

Language
English

Date Published
December 17, 2015

Author
United Soybean Export Council
Language
English

Date Published
October 7, 2002

Author
United Soybean Export Council

Buyer’s Guide

Tuesday, October 6, 2015
Reports & Whitepapers  | 550.96 KB
Category Soy Market 
Region Global 
Description

This guide will provide the buyer of U.S. soybeans and soybean products with the tools needed to reach an educated and knowledgeable conclusion when making their buying decisions.

Preface

Chapter 1: The Soybean, Its History, and Its Opportunities

Soybeans…The Miracle Crop
Production and Processing Cycle of the Soybean
Soybean Products and Their Uses
Advantages of U.S. Soybeans

Chapter 2: Quality Standards for U.S. Soybeans and Soy Products

Dependable Quality
Grading Standards for Soybeans
Weighing and Inspection Procedures
Quality Determination for Soybean Meal and Oil
Impact of Quality and End Results

Chapter 3: Procuring U.S. Soybeans and Products

Finding a supplier
Negotiating a Purchase
Standard Contract Forms
Financing a Purchase of U.S. Soybeans

Chapter 4: Transporting U.S. Soybeans to Export Markets

U.S. Infrastructure
Methods of Shipment
Transport Documentation

Chapter 5: Managing the Risks

Cash Market
Futures Contracts
Options Contracts
Explanation of Codes and Symbols
Reading Commodity Futures Price Tables
An Explanation of Soybean Crush Margin
Metric Conversion Guide

Chapter 6: Biotechnology, IP Soybeans, Soyfood and Industrial Uses

Agricultural Biotechnology
Identity Preserved Soybeans
Soy foods
Industrial Uses of Soybeans

Appendix I: American Soybean Association-International Marketing Overseas Offices

Glossary

Language
English

Date Published
June 1, 2006

Author
United Soybean Export Council
Language
English

Date Published
February 28, 2015

Author
Drs. Terry Hanson and Allen Davis
Description

Research is needed to advance the fish feeds sector in the United States and the world by increasing the cost-effectiveness and environmental sustainability of the aquafeeds used during the growout stages. This project addresses the need to develop practical diets for Florida Pompano (Trachinotus carolinus), using combinations of various soy protein products at different ages in order to formulate cost-effective and environmentally-friendly diets.

The proposed goal is to maximize fish meal replacement for Florida Pompano, Trachinotus carolinus, at different ages in order to optimize the soy-based products in aquaculture feeds. The use of protein sources such as standard soybean meal, soy protein concentrate and soy by selective breeding program could greatly improve the profitability and appeal of the industry. In essence, the main objective was to conduct scientific experiments with practical application aimed at improving the ecological and economic efficiency of feeds for the Florida pompano and eventually for other commercially important species as well. The present proposal represented the second research phase of a study financed by United Soybean Board (USB) in 2012.

Florida pompano is a truly euryhaline species of high market value and demand. With the recent interest in developing aquaculture of high-value carnivorous species, production costs are a primary concern since carnivorous fish require greater amounts of protein and fishmeal represents the primary protein source in feeds formulations. Lack of adequate feeds for the growout of pompano remains a serious bottleneck preventing pompano aquaculture expansion to commercial scale. No basic or applied research has been conducted to develop ecologically and economically efficient diets for larger size pompano, at the later stages of the growout period, when the vast majority of the feeds are used. We proposed to conduct innovative scientific research to address and resolve this problem.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2014

Author
Dr. Daniel Benetti & Dr. Jorge Suarez
Description

The growth of aquaculture in SE Asia has proceeded rapidly and many water bodies are being overrun by aquaculture. USSEC personnel in the region have identified a critical need to aid governments in establishing aquaculture carrying capacities (ACC) for water bodies, i.e., how much aquaculture waste an environment can assimilate before negative impacts are seen. Several modeling methods exist to estimate ACC, from fairly simple (requiring few data) to extremely complex (requiring a lot of data). During Phase 1 of this project (2012), my task was to determine the needs and capabilities of some governments in the region (Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam) to conduct modeling for ACC. That led to an assessment that other governments (Malaysia, Myanmar) should be surveyed as well, and that a regional approach should be developed for solving the ACC problem, which was the task of Phase 2.

Language
English

Date Published
October 18, 2014

Author
David Bengtson
Description

The Florida pompano is one of several species of jacks that are considered highly prized food fish. They have a flakey texture and a mild flavor. Currently, they are reared in intensive indoor systems and outdoor cages in many areas of the world. Based on ongoing research this species performs well on soy based diets as long as nutritional and palatability needs are met. Previous USB funded projects have systematically evaluated nutrient restrictions that limit the inclusion of soy products in the feed. To date, we have been very successful in increasing the level of soy protein (solvent extracted meal and soy protein concentrate) in practical feed formulations for this species.

Further research efforts have been supported and coordinated with a range of funding agencies to allow leveraging of research dollars. Previous studies have included the use of poultry byproduct meal and meat and bone meals as alternatives to fish meal in soy based diets. This research confirmed methionine and lysine were not deficient in high soy diets (~50% diet) but there was a clear response to taurine. The physiological characterization of deficiencies and the dietary requirement for taurine are currently underway. It is clear taurine is a limiting nutrient, even with supplements for lysine, methionine and taurine (as required), the removal of animal protein and/or fish meal results in depressed growth. This indicates that another nutrient is limiting in high soy diets when animal protein is reduced.

As part of this research we re-evaluated the amino acid profile of recent feed formulations to identify if there is a consistent amino acid or group of amino acids that are reduced. In the most recent diets glycine, valine and histidine were reduced as diets were shifted. These are not typically considered essential but all function as attractants. Consequently, evaluation of these or other possibly limiting amino acids is warranted.

Another way to improve production is through proper feed management. Without proper feed management economic returns from the feed may not be optimized. A preliminary study comparing one feeding to four feedings per day resulted in almost twice the final weight of the fish. This may be due to the feeding habits of pompano which grazes in the surf zone on small bivalves and other animals. Consequently the fish has evolved to have a relatively small stomach and quick digestive systems which may mean multiple feedings are required to obtain best performance. Hence, in order to help commercial producers improve growth rates and have efficient food conversion another component of this work was to evaluate increasing the number of feedings per day to determine if feed intake and growth are affected. The objectives of this study were to: 1) evaluate if amino acids other than lysine, methionine and taurine are limiting in high soy diets with low levels of animal protein; and 2) determine the response of juvenile pompano to increasing numbers of feedings.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2014

Author
Drs. Terry Hanson and Allen Davis
Language
English

Date Published
October 24, 2014

Author
Dr Mark Booth
Description

The overall objective of this project is to build demand for U.S. soy in aquaculture markets by developing soy based feeds for White seabass (WSB; Atractoscion nobilis) and California yellowtail (YT; Seriola lalandi) and striped Bass (SB; Morone saxatilis).

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2014

Author
Mark Drawbridge
Description

Milkfish industry is one of the most prevalent among the aquaculture activities in the Philippines. It is most likely the first choice of an aquaculturist who wants to venture in business. One of the major concerns in a a grow-out culture of any species is the use of the appropriate feeds to ensure the quality of harvest and a higher return on the investment.

This project aims to conduct a verification trial to compare three different diets prepared for milkfish namely (1) a soy optimized extruded floating using information developed during the USB/New Uses SEAFDEC project, (2) a USSEC soy optimized extruded floating feed from a commercial formulator using best available international information and (3) a commercial milkfish diet currently used in commercial culture in the Philippines to evaluate growth performance of milkfish in cages.

The results of the project will mainly influence the cage operators and will also benefit the LGUs and technicians of BFAR Regional offices.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2014

Author
Westly R. Rosario
Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2014

Author
United States Soybean Export Council
Description

A cooperative feeding demonstration with spotted rose snapper was conducted in 2013 between USSEC and Martec Industries S. A. at the Martec experimental aquaculture site located at Paquera in front of Isla Cedro, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica. The objective of the demonstration was to show the feasibility of using a diet in which a feed grade soy protein concentrate (SPC) having high protein and low oligosaccharide content partially replaced fishmeal. Results of the feeding demonstration showed that inclusion of SPC NutrivanceTM at an inclusion rate up to 26.4% in the spotted rose snapper diet did not affect snapper production parameters, and that there was no difference in fish performance with the SPC diet and a commercial diet formulated with fishmeal as the primary protein source. Hence, the SPC-NutrivanceTM appears to be a potential ingredient for manufacturing aquafeeds for marine fish species.

Language
English

Date Published
October 29, 2013

Author
United States Soybean Export Council
Description

A cooperative feeding demonstration was conducted in 2013 by the U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC) and Amazon Fish Products S. A. in Ucayali, Peru. The objective of the demonstration was to evaluate the use of two new U.S. soybean products, Schillinger Genetics SG-3010 soybean meal and TechMix NutrivanceTM soy protein concentrate (SPC), to partially replace fishmeal in the diet for paiche Arapaima gigas. Both of these U.S. soy products have a high protein (>55%) and low oligosaccharide content with minimal soy anti-nutritional factors. Results of the feeding demonstration showed that SG-3010 soybean meal at an inclusion rate up to 41.9% and NutrivanceTM SPC at an inclusion rate up to 36.5% in the diet for paiche yielded fish production equivalent to that obtained with fishmeal-based commercial diets. Results indicate that both soy ingredients offer feed formulation options for the paiche industry in its effort to reduce dependence on fishmeal.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2013

Author
Jairo Amezquita, Mark Newman, Max Risco, Luis Henostroza, Herbert E. Quintero
Description

A cooperative feeding demonstration was conducted in 2013 between USSEC and Titikaka Trout Co. in Lake Titicaca, Puno, Peru. The objective of the demonstration was to show the feasibility of using a U.S. manufactured soy protein concentrate (NutrivanceTM) to replace fishmeal in the diet for cage cultured rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. NutrivanceTM is a feed grade soy protein concentrate (SPC) with high protein and low oligosaccharide content and minimal soy anti-nutritional factors. Rainbow trout performance was compared with a NutrivanceTM SPC diet and a fishmeal based diet. Results yielded similar trout performance with the two diets. The demonstration confirmed that SPC can partially replace fishmeal in the diet for rainbow trout, and that NutrivanceTM SPC is an acceptable ingredient for use in trout diets, thereby providing an alternative to fishmeal for the Peruvian trout farming industry.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2013

Author
Jairo Amezquita, Mark Newman, Jorge Valencia, Dr. Herbert E. Quintero
Description

A comparison feeding demonstration on grass carp density was jointly conducted in 2013 by the U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC), in cooperation with the Shanxi Provincial Fishery Extension Center, Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province. The feeding demonstration was conducted at the Yongji Municipal Fish Stock Farm, Yuncheng City, Shanxi Province. The primary objective of the demonstration was to evaluate the production performance of grass carp at two different stocking densities using the USSEC 80:20 pond production technology, 32/31extruded soybased feed and improved aeration system.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2013

Author
Zhou Enhua, Zhang Jian and Michael C. Cremer
Description

A pond feeding demonstration was jointly conducted by U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC) and the Shenyang Municipal Fishery Research Institute. The objective of the demonstration was to evaluate the production performance and economic value of the 32/61 soy-based feed for Songpu carp growout production with the USSEC zero water discharge technology to fish farmers in the northeastern region of China.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2013

Author
Zhou Enhua, Zhang Jian and Michael C. Cremer
Description

An in-pond raceway system to intensify pond aquaculture production demonstration was jointly conducted by the U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC) program, in collaboration with the Jiangsu Provincial Fisheries Extension Center and Wujiang Municipal Aquaculture Co., Ltd. to evaluate the technical and economic feasibilities of the in-pond raceway aquaculture (IPA) technology. The IPA technology was first developed in the United States as a means to increase fish production in the conventional pond units by culturing fish in confined raceway with aerated flowing water and removing fish metabolic wastes. Removal of the solid wastes significantly increases fish production by three times as compared to the conventional 80:20 pond culture technology. The technology was first transferred to China by USSEC through a cooperative project funded by the Iowa Soybean Association and tested at the Pingwang Fish Farm of the Wujiang Municipal Aquaculture Co. Ltd., Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, China.

Language
English

Date Published
October 24, 2013

Author
Zhou Enhua, Zhang Jian and Michael C. Cremer
Description

A feeding demonstration was conducted cooperatively by the U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC) and the Heilongjiang Provincial Fishery Technology Extension Center to demonstrate feed-based production of improved strain carp from fry to fingerling stage using the USSEC 80:20 pond production model and zero water discharge technology and the USSEC formulated 36/7 SPC feed. The trial was conducted at the Heilongjiang Provincial Fishery Extension Center Demonstration Fish Farm near Harbin, China.

Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2013

Author
Zhou Enhua, Zhang Jian and Michael C. Cremer
Language
English

Date Published
October 25, 2013

Author
Dr Mark Booth
Language
Spanish

Date Published
January 25, 2013

Author
United Soybean Export Council