Southeast Asia currently has a total population of 636 million, which the U.S. Census Bureau projects to increase to 697 million by 2025. Although there is a wide mix of cultures and religions, the region is relatively stable socially and politically. Southeast Asia’s economy is the sixth largest in the world. Collectively, ASEAN’s (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) largest economies, which include Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, is projected to continue its robust economic growth, boasting an approximate 5 – 6 percent annual average growth rate compared with 3.0 to 3.5 percent for the global economy.
With its growing population – an additional 6 million mouths to feed annually – and burgeoning middle-class consumers with rising disposable household incomes, Southeast Asia’s animal protein consumption is projected to achieve a compounded annual growth rate of 20 percent in the next five years. Largely dependent on imported raw feed ingredients, this region needs to increase its purchase of soybean and soybean meal exponentially to meet demand, especially considering that five countries in this region are ranked within the top 20 global broiler producers, five countries are ranked in the top 10 in global aquaculture production, and Vietnam and the Philippines rank #4 and #6 in global pork production, respectively. Total projected imports for U.S. soybeans into Southeast Asia in 2015 are about 3.4 MMT and 2.5 MMT of soybean meal, accounting for over 59 percent and an 18 percent share of the overall market, respectively. This is a 240 million bushel market for U.S. Soy.
Southeast Asia’s regional economies are relatively open and market-driven, and ASEAN countries have good relations with the United States. U.S. exports of agricultural products to ASEAN countries totaled $10.7 billion in 2013. Leading categories include: soybeans ($1.7 billion), dairy products ($1.3 billion), wheat ($1.1 billion), cotton ($923 million), and soybean meal ($909 million). Southeast Asia represents a market with a combined estimated GDP of more than $6 trillion in 2015. A core competency of the major markets in this region is its ability to adopt new technologies and management systems rapidly. Biotechnology acceptance is not a major issue.
Southeast Asia Directory - Regional
Boon Yee Yeong
Hsiang Pin Lan
Southeast Asia Directory - Phillipines
Southeast Asia Directory - Indonesia
Southeast Asia Directory - Thailand
Southeast Asia Directory - Vietnam
Tran Trong Chien
Nguyen Ngan Hanh
Diep Ngoc Phan
Nguyen Vo Hoang
Southeast Asia Directory - Myanmar
May Myat Noe Lwin
Southeast Asia News
USSEC visited different marine fish farms in the Philippines to provide technical support and suggestions to improve their efficiency and production. USSEC was able to discuss and show on site proper feed management using the satiation setting technique using extruded floating feed.
USSEC was able to provide additional knowledge and information in marine fish hatchery biosecurity and production improvement, and proper fish culture management and feeding management to marine fish cage operators in Luzon and Mindanao, Philippines.
Despite a budget reduction that took effect in 2017, Indonesia’s Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) has continued to support the development of offshore mariculture in Indonesia. In addition to rehabilitating 1,000 cages, the ministry, in cooperation with state-owned company Perindo Management, will build offshore marine cages operation in three different locations in Indonesia to promote the offshore mariculture system as well optimizing resources and improving seafood production, technology dissemination, and business diversifications (nursery), in addition to improving community income.
The locations selected for offshore mariculture farming are marine waters around Karimun Jawa in the Java Sea, marine waters around Cilacap and Pangandaran in the Indian Ocean, and Sabang Island in Aceh. The cages are expected to support the development of sea bass, pompano and cobia.
Each of the 6 cages, which are 50 meters in diameter, is expected to produce 500 metric tons (MT) per crop, thus targeting an additional 1500 MT in fish production from the three locations. Continued support from the government on mariculture development is in line with USSEC’s policy to support offshore mariculture. Mariculture production will increase the utilization of quality feed, including potential use of U.S. soybean meal in aquafeed.
Last August, USSEC and Cargill teamed up to conduct a seminar that introduced intensive pond aquaculture (IPA) technology to Cargill farm customers in Hưng Yên, a province of Vietnam. Based on the knowledge they gained from the seminar and with the support of Nguyen Huu Tho, Cargill technical manager, farmers started to construct IPA systems on their own land with equipment available locally.
Nguyễn Thị Thắm is among the first IPA adopters in northern Vietnam. She learned the IPA concept at the August seminar and constructed an IPA fixed floor raceway. She has a 3 ha farm, managed by her son, Vũ Duy Hào. At the same time, she ran a hub to collect fish from other farms to supply the market. After stocking tilapia for one month, she was very satisfied with the high survival rate compared to the same source of fingerlings stock to the traditional pond. She already plans to construct more raceways without waiting for the first IPA trial to finish.
There are currently six IPA sites in northern Vietnam: Mr. Phú in Bắc Giang, Mr. Trung in Bắc Ninh, Mr. Lừng in Hà Tây, Mr. Thao in Hà Tây, Mr. Hải in Hà Tây and Mr. Sơn in Thanh Hóa.
In November, USSEC Aquaculture Technical Director – Southeast Asia Lukas Manomaitis and USSEC Aquaculture Technical Manager – Vietnam Võ Hoàng Nguyên paid a visit to the IPA sites in Hưng Yên, Bắc Ninh and Thanh Hóa. They decided to conduct more visits to each IPA site and to organize training for farmers who are constructing and running IPAs by themselves in order to help them do it properly.
USSEC met with Chang Ku Yoon, president & CEO, CJ Philippines, Inc., and Ronaldo Cruz, aqua product manager, CJ Philippines, to present the USSEC Southeast Asia (SEA) and Philippines Soy in Aquaculture program and to discuss the Philippine Aquaculture Industry in CJ Phils Inc. Feedmill in San Rafael, Bulacan, Philippines.
USSEC discussed the ongoing programs in feedmill and nutrition where aquafeed nutritionists are guided in optimizing U.S. soybean meal in aquafeed formulation and other U.S. Soy products in a least cost formulation. The Low Volume High Density (LVHD) cage aquaculture and pond feed based technologies were also discussed to improve aquaculture production through sustainable and environmentally friendly practices using extruded floating feeds.
CJ Philippines Inc. is planning to revive their aquafeeds production and be present in the aquaculture feed industry. USSEC suggested that it is better for CJ Aqua Feeds to produce high quality feeds that will give farmers faster growth for fish and better feed conversion rates (FCR).
Myanmar is a growing market for America’s food and agricultural products. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. agricultural exports to Myanmar reached a record $15.3 million USD in FY14, up 24 percent from the previous year.
The opening of the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) office in August 2016 at the U.S embassy in Yangon helps build activities and services in Myanmar. USSEC Technical Consultant, Aquaculture – Myanmar May Myat Noe Lwin says, “I believe that this will strengthen importing U.S. soybeans and soybean products to Myanmar as well.”
With the team effort of USSEC and various U.S. agriculture projects and programs, sales are expected to increase significantly. But there is still need of more input from the government body, and the opening of the FAS office with a permanent Agriculture Attaché will fill the gap, especially with the rules and regulations from the government bodies importing U.S. agriculture products.
USSEC’s aquaculture program will work with the FAS program to support the increase of sales of U.S. soybeans and soybean meal sales to Myanmar for its livestock and aquaculture industries.