News: Animal Utilization
USSEC held its exclusive training course devoted to recent advances in poultry production and nutrition at the Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros Agronomos of the Madrid Polytechnic University (UPM), Spain. Dr. Gonzalo G. Mateos, USSEC consultant and professor at UPM, coordinated the course. The event’s audience was composed of commercial nutritionists of key poultry integrators and compound feed manufacturers from Turkey, Poland and the Czech Republic, who were recruited and accompanied by two USSEC local representatives, Sirri Kayhan (Turkey) and Jerzy Kosieradzki (Northeast Europe).
The lineup of lecturers included twelve Spanish academics and commercial experts and one Norwegian scientist. The classroom portion of the course began with digestive physiology that prepared the ground for more in-depth broiler nutrition topics such as feeding programs and flock management, genetic improvement, and health and animal welfare, all of which are nutritional factors affecting wet litter problems in poultry. The focus on optimal utilization of various nutrients began with starch and fat digestion, fiber, energy sources, and protein sources, with a special focus on soybeans and soybean products, to move to the use of feed additives.
A special section was devoted to broiler production in hot weather, microbial contamination in feed production and feedstuffs, and final feed products’ quality control programs, with soybean meal being widely commented upon. Two speakers shared practical aspects of feeding broiler chicks and the effects of management on carcass quality in finished broilers. Some time was given to feeding the modern laying hen that included feed form, particle size and nutrient requirements and influencing egg quality with nutrition, etc.
Feed mill design, with special attention to its effects on hygiene, cost efficiency and product quality, was followed by feed milling technology. Both topics were taught on the second day. The speakers discussed quality and feed safety programs in the EU-28 with the participants.
After three days of long and intensive classes, the participants went on a bus tour of the Spanish feed labs (Cargill’s Central Quality Control Lab in Madrid), poultry growing complex (Cesar de Escalona’s farm at Malpica de Tajo), commercial feed mill (Veravic integration at Casatejada), and commercial broiler farm (Julian Cepeda at Caceres) to supplement theoretical and practical training. The participants were especially pleased that Dr. Mateos traveled with them as a chief trainer and was able to explain the many professional issues raised during the field visits and discuss the content of some of the lectures as well.
Speaking on behalf of all training course participants, Elzbieta Pietkiewicz, a poultry veterinarian and nutritionist at the third largest feed company in Poland, said, “It was the best training program I have ever participated in, with the exception of a similar one held also by USSEC in Madrid three years ago. In just a week’s time we had a chance to learn so much and discuss the many practical issues we face in our daily work. We were honored by having such a great group of speakers sharing their knowledge with us.”
USSEC recently released its Soybean Meal Quality by Origin report, no. 6/2016, based on current (August) and future (November-January) feedstuff prices of week 27 for feeds of different species.
As always, the report shows the added value of higher quality soybean meal by origin for different regions based on current feedstuff prices in feeds for swine, layers and/or broilers.
Report highlights include:
- Although soybean meal is sold on a per unit of protein basis, differences in digestible energy and amino acid content contribute more to the value of soybean meal.
- Differences in value are largest for broiler feeds, followed by layer and swine feeds in all regions.
- Soybean meal prices have decreased slightly in the Netherlands, Spain and Poland after significant increases last month. The future price (November-January) is higher than the current price. In Romania, the price of soybean meal has increased slightly, however.
- With very good harvest predictions, feedstuff prices can decrease further in the near future.
- On an equal protein content basis, the value differences (in energy, mineral and digestible amino acid content) of U.S. soybean meal over that of other origins is: € 8.20-23.00 (U.S. vs. Brazil) and € 9.30-26.80/MT (U.S. vs. Argentina) or respectively 1.9 to 5.4 percent and 2.2 to 6.3 percent.
Read the report here: USSEC SBM quality by origin report nr 6 2016
Acting upon a request from the Polish Grain & Feed Chamber, a longtime USSEC cooperator, and its allies in Poland’s poultry, swine and dairy industries, USSEC organized a special seminar devoted to the benefits of biotech soybean products and derived feeds and the threats to the European livestock industry if it turns its back on genetically enhanced soybeans.
The ban on GM feed was introduced in Poland in 2006, but has never been fully implemented, thanks to moratoriums on putting the law into practice adopted every few years under pressure from the local feed and livestock industries. The present moratorium ends on December 31 and threatens to cut the Polish food chain off from necessary soybean imports.
Marek Przeździak, a director of the Polish Federation of Food Producers and an agricultural lawyer, who works closely with EuropaBio Group, spoke about various negative consequences of asynchronous authorization of new GM crop events in the EU to European agriculture and economy as a whole. While registration of novel biotech events takes only 12 months in Australia and 23 months in the U.S., the EU needs 78 months to close such a process. Such asynchronous and asymmetric authorization increases financial risk for suppliers and leads to disruption in the whole agricultural production chain and a 25 percent rise in food prices. If only conventional beans are allowed in Europe, the disruptions in major soy exporting countries may boost soy and soy-based feed prices by more than 200 percent.
Dr. Francisco Areal, researcher at the University of Reading, UK, presented various studies proving GM soybeans were indispensable raw materials in the EU and evaluated several alternatives and their economic impacts on feed manufacturing and livestock producing sectors; he assumed both Spanish and EU perspectives.
“The total impact of a potential ban on imports of soy to Spain would result in $60 billion in added cost,” concluded Dr. Areal. “The EU could only replace 10 to 20 percent of soybeans and soymeal imported to the EU with increased production and imports of non-biotech protein-rich crops.”
The educational event was completed with a broad picture analysis by Professor Tomasz Twardowski, a Polish biotechnologist and educator, on “Polish and EU Bio Economy without GMO: Is it Possible?” and USSEC Regional Director – EU / Middle East/North Africa (MENA) Brent Babb’s expose on safety, quality and sustainability of U.S. Soy, which transitioned into a vigorous discussion.
Some interesting regulatory solutions to improve biotech feedstuffs and food trade were presented by the participants and speakers that were carefully noted by USSEC and the Chamber’s reps to be further discussed in an industry meeting with the hope to result in an official industry request to Polish legislators.
A Chinese study team of 24 selected swine and feed producers from all over China took a swine intensive training course at South Dakota State University (SDSU) from May 31 to June 8. The team was escorted by USSEC staff and consultants: Dr. Richard Han, Dr. Sam Shi, Sunny Zhang and Dr. Robert Thaler. All team members were able to learn U.S. advanced swine production management, nutrition requirement, barn design and ventilation system, meat quality science, manure treatment and environment control, disease prevention, and the control and merits of U.S. soybean products in pig feeds in improving China’s pig productivity in order to increase the demand of U.S. soybean products in China’s animal feed.
During the study period, the team also visited the soybean farms of Marc Reiner and Matt Bainbridge as well as the Oak Lane Hutterite Colony to personally see and learn about the U.S. sustainable soybean production system. The delegation especially valued a chance to better understand GMO soybeans. Grower leaders from South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, the Iowa Soybean Board and the Iowa Soybean Association all met with the Chinese team. The team also participated in the World Pork Expo in Des Moines on June 8 on the last day of their trip.
USSEC organized a team travel training program for a group of Polish specialists representing key dairy and beef producing farms, dairy nutrition advisors, and AminoPlus importers in May. USSEC Technical Director Northeast Europe Jerzy Kosieradzki, and USSEC Dairy & Aquaculture Nutrition Consultant – Europe Jan van Eys organized this activity in Bretagne, France.
Some of the visits were organized through BCEL Group – Quest (Bretagne Conseil Elevage), a local company that coordinates milk recording and pedigree books in Bretagne as well as providing farmers with a range of valuable services. Additional farm and feedlot visits were organized directly or through contacts in the local industry.
The Polish group traveled for a full week visiting dairy and beef farms, a feed manufacturing company, a feed additive company, a milk testing laboratory and a technical agricultural/livestock production school with an experimental farm. At each visit a detailed document in Polish was provided to the Polish visitors, and at each visit, a point was made on the importance, role and inclusion rates of soybean meal in compound feed and the associated performance levels.
The selected farms covered much of the entire range of dairy production methods and systems in the visited region of France – largely pasture-based systems. The feed plant, the laboratory and DHI-type organization (BCEL) work in close contact with these farms and have a major influence on their feeding systems. Soybean meal is critical to all these farms, either as a component of the compound feed or as a raw material included in the total mixed ration. Currently, like most of the dairy production in Europe and the Americas, payment arrangements are such that revenue per liter of milk remains below the cost price. This leads to an overall difficult situation in the dairy sector and a reduction in investments, including concentrate feeding.
At the end of the dairy industry tour, a summary discussion was organized to review the findings and opinions of the Polish participants. Some problems observed by the Poles were thoroughly explained and corrective measures presented to the trainees. The ongoing milk price crisis resulted in the French farmers feeding fewer concentrates and soy products, which are greatly recognized for their quality. Once profitability improves, sales of those should increase as well.
Leaving France in Rennes, the Polish customers expressed their appreciation to the U.S. soybean farmers for providing them with such a great learning opportunity and a professional knowledge exchange among the participants.
USSEC attended the 10th International Conference “Mixed Feed 2016” hosted by the Industrial International Academy (IAA) in Moscow, Russia from June 21 – 23. The conference was organized by the Russian Feed Manufactures Union in conjunction with the Ministry of Agriculture, the Russian Institute of Compound Feeds Industry, and IAA and supported by national livestock, swine, beef, poultry and grain unions, the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance, and by a number of specialized professional magazines.
USSEC consultants Dr. Maria Domoroshchenkova and Dr. Iani Chihaia joined the event, giving presentations promoting the usage of soy proteins in modern feeds and featuring the quality of U.S. Soy. They also offered soy technical papers, answered technical questions and inquiries from industry delegates visiting USSEC’s booth at the conference, and met with officials from professional associations, state organizations and Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Moscow.
The event was one of the key industry’s annual meetings in Russia and offered broad possibilities of interactions with soy end users, feed millers, livestock companies and traders from the Russian Federation. More than 150 local professionals attended the event. The conference benefited from the support of several top feed additives, lab equipment, and feed milling technology suppliers including Evonik Germany, Buchi Switzerland, DSM Switzerland, Kemin Europe, BDW Feed Mill Systems, and JPT Industries Finland, among others.
Information delivered by the USSEC consultants during the event through the papers presented, interactions at the booth, and discussions during conference breaks was appreciated by the Russian poultry and feed professionals and they showed interest by asking more about the U.S. Soy nutritional profile, efficient use in animal feeding, challenges from using alternative ingredients and precise feed formulation.
In addition to meeting with industry representatives, the conference was an opportunity to follow up on previous activities to gain a better understanding of the current developments and future trends of the Russian feed industry. In this regard, the aqua sector development in Russia is on the agenda of the officials and several investors are interested in aqua farms.
The aqua market in Russia is in its infancy but has a significant potential for growth over the next decade with the majority of the increase in production coming from farmed fish that will require high protein feeds. According to the Russian Feed Manufactures association statement at the conference, the local aqua sector is going to be developed within the next five to ten years in order to supply the existing demand for fish products. Currently, over 60 percent of the fish consumed in Russia are imported. Estimates show that the annual demand for aqua feeds will grow up from 150 thousand metric tons (TMT) in 2015 to 500 TMT in 2020 and up to 850 TMT by 2025. Consequently, this opens up an important growth area for U.S. Soy products.
With the goal to increase awareness of U.S. Soy and help customers differentiate between soy of different origins, USSEC conducted a five day training program at the Technical University of Madrid (UPM) in Poultry Nutrition and Production for a team of 11 nutritionists and poultry professionals from top poultry integrations and feed manufacturing companies from Russia, Bulgaria and Romania from June 13 – 17.
The classes were organized in close cooperation with Cargill, the Spanish Confederation of Compound Animal Feeds (CESFAC) and the Spanish Animal Nutrition Foundation (FEDNA) under the lead of Professor Gonzalo Mateos of USSEC Spain. Nine lecturers introduced recent advances and reviewed key concepts in poultry related to nutrition, flock management, ingredient quality control and feed manufacturing.
“We were pleased to continue to provide knowledge to U.S. Soy customers through this week’s instructive and intensive short course that enables them to understand the recent advances in poultry nutrition and how to apply them with benefit in the field,” commented Dr. Mateos. “We trust that we have thus not only acted for the benefit of U.S. Soy, but also have upgraded knowledge level of course participants.”
After two and half days of classes, the first stop for the scheduled field visits was to visit Cargill’s area laboratory, serving both customers and internal requests from Spain. Participants listened with high interest and asked intensive questions about near infrared (NIR) technology, wet chemistry, and pathology exams performed in the lab. The impact of soybean meal quality on feed quality and economics was discussed, along with the importance of a quality control monitoring program.
Thanks to the farm visits, the course attendees were able get an understanding of the Spanish experience in industrial poultry farming and feed quality control under EU laws and regulations. Field visits were organized as well at VERAVIC and TECA Feed Mill, two of the most representative feed manufacturing companies from the Extrema Dura region in Spain. Besides learning about the latest advances in poultry nutrition, class participants had the opportunity to understand the Spanish experience in soybean meal differentiation, soy quality control procedures and monitoring programs, and feed quality control under EU laws and regulations.
The training achieved USSEC’s goal in educating Eastern European customers in recent advances in poultry nutrition and soybean meal differentiation. By the end of the event, all the participants had a clear understanding of the concept of soybean meal differentiation based on origin.
USSEC hosted a soybean meal technical seminar, “Soybean Meal and Amino Acid Nutrition” in South Korea on June 9, targeting the technical and purchasing staffs of feed mills and integrators in the Korean swine and broiler sectors. The objective of the seminar was to discuss the importance of amino acid in swine and broiler growth performance and differentiate U.S. soybean meal from South American soybean meals based on amino acid profile.
USSEC hired four local speakers to discuss amino acid and energy requirement; the current and future market situation of the Korean swine industry; the composition of soybean meal and its associated amino acid profiles; and the amino acid digestibility of soybean meal. More than 60 industry participants attended the seminar and listened to USSEC’s message on the amino acid profile of soybean meal.
USSEC emphasized the amino acid profile of U.S. soybean meal in terms of total-, essential- and digestible amino acid, suggesting the target audiences request supplier data on amino acid profile of the soybean meals they supply and to evaluate the soybean meals on amino acid rather than crude protein.
A survey at the end of the seminar indicated that the target audiences agreed that they will consider amino acid profile and content at soybean meal purchasing (average score 8.24 out of 10 point scale); digestible amino acid and energy content in soybean meals are different by origin (8.55 out of 10); and U.S. soybean meal is strong in quality, transparent trade, stable supply and risk management (8.24 out of 10).
USSEC conducted a trade meeting in Dhaka, Bangladesh attended by 40 key soy stakeholders, comprised of poultry and aquaculture feedmillers, soy traders and soy crushers. The conclave’s objective was to bring the country’s soy representation together to have a dialogue with USSEC to assess opportunities and constraints for U.S Soy in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is emerging as a prominent country in the Asia Subcontinent (ASC) region for imports of U.S Soy, mainly whole soybeans. Its soy demand has gradually shifted from meal soybean imports, particularly over the last three years. In 2014/15 U.S. soybeans accounted for an 87 percent share (603,000 metric tons (MT)) of the country’s market.
USSEC CEO Jim Sutter thanked Bangladesh’s industry leaders for their 2014/15 purchases and provided a strategic overview of USSEC, a brief description of the U.S Soy industry, aspects of the global soy trade, and current conditions of the soy crop. USSEC Regional Representative – ASC Drew Klein described USSEC’s role, strategy, and operations in greater detail. Next, all participants described their business and experiences with soy, especially U.S. Soy, through extensive discussions for the next two hours. Several users remarked that they were very pleased with the quality of U.S. soybean meal, even over that available from Brazil, the principal alternative source in the region. Several entrepreneurs are willing to pay a premium for U.S. Soy.
The largest crusher in the country, Meghana Group, imported 600,000 MT of U.S. Soy last year, almost exclusively. Several attendees noted the superior amino acid profile of U.S. Soy and the consistent color, appearance, and performance of U.S. soybean meal. Two food companies purchase U.S. soy protein concentrate and isolate for inclusion into their products. The largest poultry producer documented a 3 percent increase in productivity with U.S. soybean meal compared to Brazilian meal in a corn-soy diet for his breeding hens.
One constraint to further growth is the lack of infrastructure for both bulk and containerized shipping and the possibility of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the government of Bangladesh, and private industry providing capital for infrastructure improvement was discussed.
Moshiur Rehman, president of the Bangladesh poultry association and managing director of the Paragon group, addressed the conclave and predicted the demand for feed and soybean meal will double by 2020. He forecasted about 50 to 60 percent of the soybean meal will be produced domestically using imported soybeans and the rest will be imported. He was concerned about a recent proposal to increase the tariff on soybean meal from 5 to 10 percent. In a separate discussion, Mr. Rahman described his association’s efforts to build demand for protein in the human diet by sponsoring school programs that emphasize eating an egg a day. The program is already yielding increased consumption.
The World Soy-Feeds Conference is one of the main annual events in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) for local crushers, feed millers and livestock companies. Organized in Saint Petersburg, the event’s main goal is to disseminate the latest international information from the field of market trends, soy processing, and soy ingredient use in animal feeds by the rapidly growing Russian livestock industry.
Early this year, Russian crushers imported 486.1 thousand metric tons (TMT) of U.S. soybeans. This is the second consecutive year that the country has been a key European customer for U.S. Soy. In an effort to continue good relationships with Russian industries, USSEC and United Soybean Board (USB) director Bob Metz led the USSEC delegation at the 2nd World Soy-Feeds Conference, which took place June 1 – 3. USSEC Marketing Director – Animal Utilization (AU) Pam Helmsing, USSEC consultant AU – European Union (EU) Iani Chihaia, and Matt Ammermann, Commodity Risk Manager and Vice President – Eastern Europe/Black Sea Region of INTL FCStone were also part of this team. Local consultant Maria Domoroshchenkova hosted the delegation in her native city.
Mr. Metz spoke to about 200 industry delegates from different regions of Russia and neighboring countries about how he farms quality U.S. Soy for customers around the world, sharing his farming practices, and how he preserves land resources for future generations. Andrey Kolyaskin, general director of the trade house Belagro (Agrolats Group), a grain and soybean meal trader, reiterated what Mr. Metz had said, reinforcing the role of farmers in raising safe, healthy food for people around the world and restating their duty to build the foundation for a future generation of farmers.
Mr. Ammermann discussed the recent rise in soybean and meal prices, and oilseeds market factors influencing the next crop from the Northern Hemisphere. His presentation provided attendees an understanding of the soy market from a worldwide prospective. Factors such as weather, currencies and geopolitics play a role in the latest developments.
Dr. Chihaia stressed the importance of vegetable protein for the global feed industry, focusing on issues related to the most important alternative protein ingredients currently available in Russia: rapeseed meal, double dehulled sunflower meal, and lupins, discussing losses and gains when substituting soybean meal. His presentation concluded that the best broiler performances are achieved only if soybean meal remains the staple of broiler feeds.
The conference was an excellent opportunity to promote U.S. Soy and interact with Russian customers to learn useful information about the latest developments and trends of the feed industry, animal husbandry and Russia’s soy market. USSEC was able to deliver inspiring messages about farming quality U.S. Soy for worldwide customers and how to build the foundation for the future generations of farmers.
USSEC’s presence at the World Soy-Feeds Conference facilitated ample interactions with several local crushing, feed, and livestock companies. The opportunity to chat in an informal manner with industry friends gave the delegation a good understanding of the reality of current Russian livestock production and the challenges of importing U.S. Soy. Continuing USSEC’s efforts to support and educate young Russian specialists in the efficient use of soy will create customer loyalty to U.S. Soy and the continuation and growth of imports.
After the conference, Ms. Helmsing and Dr. Domoroshchenkova visited the Federal Selection – Genetic Center of Fish Breeding in Ropsha, near St. Petersburg, and Gatchinsky Feed Mill, which manufactures different types of compound feeds including aquafeeds. Despite the current low level of aquaculture and fish farming in Russia, this area has a very high potential for development in upcoming years and would contribute to the growth of soy consumption.
USSEC recently conducted an event, “Protein for All,” primarily targeting India’s animal feed and soybean meal industries along with protein end users, both meat and non-meat consumption sectors. The event was conducted in Patna (North India) and was attended by 125 participants and representatives of the media who spread the protein message to a wider audience.
India’s large population coupled with low protein consumption qualifies the country for some effective pull marketing strategies. Two major constraints still exist in the Indian community – knowledge of daily protein requirements is low, as is the ability to calculate dietary protein requirements based on different types of food products available. Knowledge about the economics of protein sources and different types of protein products and their characteristics is also lacking. The staple diet of most Indians is cereal- and pulse-based, which delivers about 20 grams (g) of protein per day.
USSEC animal utilization consultant Dr. Pawan Kumar conceptualized the idea of “Protein for All” in order to educate a diverse audience on creating customer opportunities to increase the consumption of animal products (poultry meat, eggs, fish, and shrimp) in addition to cereals and pulses. The event also recommended the use of texturized soy products as direct protein supplement for non-meat eaters.
Four focused presentations were made during the session.
Dr. Suresh Itapu, director of Food and Agri Consulting Services in Hyderabad, discussed protein requirements for different age groups and activity groups. Dr. Itapu explained protein’s structure and how it is synthesized in the human body. He stated that an adult with low activity should take 0.8 g protein per kilogram (kg) of body weight, an adult with medium activity should consume 1g/kg of body weight, and a high activity or stressed person should consume 1.2 g protein/kg of body weight. For growing children, the requirement is 1.5 g/kg of body weight for low activity and 1.8 g/kg body weight for children with high physical activity. Athletes’ requirements vary between 2 – 2.5 g/kg of body weight.
USSEC animal utilization consultant Dr. Yadu Nandan presented a mathematical approach on how protein intake can be monitored, demonstrating that protein intake can be guided at every meal by measuring cooking and serving on a plate.
USSEC Country Representative – Sri Lanka Dr. Athula Mahagamagae spoke about different sources of protein, its significance, and its health benefits. His focus was on poultry and egg products and their nutritional details.
In Dr. Kumar’s presentation, he discussed the basic differences in food habits of south Asians and the rest of world. Proportions based on half meat and half cereal is the norm worldwide, but in India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan, cereals and a small quantity of pulses form staple diets. Pulse production is not meeting demand, resulting in reduction in per capita availability of pulses in the region. This trend reduces protein supply from pulses in the region. Dr. Kumar recommended that alternate protein solutions could be obtained from increasing the consumption of milk, chicken, egg, fish, and various other soy protein-based food products. Chicken and eggs are the cheapest source of animal-based protein for meat eaters in India; it costs $ 1.51 for 100 g of chicken protein and $ 1.28 for 100 g of egg protein, while the cheapest form of protein is derived from texturized soy products at $ 0.24 for 100 g protein.
USSEC organized a near infrared (NIR) one-on-one workshop for leading feed industry companies in Morocco in May.
USSEC consultant Denis Bastianelli, head of CIRAD France’s feed department, provided assistance to Morocco’s leading feed mills and integrations.
The main objectives of the one-on-one workshop were to improve further analytical knowledge of soybean meal composition and the nutritive value to the poultry and ruminant industries.
This activity aims to help differentiate U.S. soybean meal and improve its utilization through better characterization with the ultimate goal of increasing U.S. Soy’s share in the Morocco market, which imports U.S. soybeans, soy hulls, soybean oil and meal. Poultry remains the primary driver of Morocco’s soybean meal market.
Participants discussed technical issues during laboratory visits and showed high interest in U.S. Soy products and the efforts to take full advantage of their nutritional quality, including availability of essential amino acids and metabolizable energy.
USSEC continues to sustain demand for U.S. Soy and develop the loyalty of leading customers in Morocco.
At USSEC’s “Feed Manufacturing and Swine Farms Management” training recently held in Timisoara, Romania, Smithfield Farm delegates had the opportunity to hear about the latest findings in swine feeding and farm management research.
During the first day of training, presentations were focused on demonstrating nutrition knowledge in relation to the benefits of feeding U.S. soybean meal and soy products to modern swine hybrids.
“Soy is the key ingredient in swine diets and when it is properly used, it improves performances while enhancing the economics and sustainability of pork production. It has been a pleasure to share with the technical team of Smithfield Romania the latest knowledge regarding composition of soy from different origins,” said USSEC consultant Gonzalo Mateos. “Besides that, we enjoyed meeting and visiting with Smithfield’s Romania people. They have a state of the art feed mill, probably one of the best at this stage and qualified personnel, which gives the company a competitive advantage.”
On the second day, Smithfield managers and the speakers focused on different aspects of feeding and health of the sows and interactions between nutrition and management. USSEC consultant Josep Gasa Gaso demonstrated that properly fed ratios to gilts and sows increases the potential to obtain an adequate number of pigs per litter at birth, with good growth rates during their productive lives. In this regard, the use of soy products should help in designing optimum feeds for breeding swine.
As a key player in Romania, Smithfield annually manufactures over 360,000 metric tons (MT) of feed compound and is one of the top soybean meal, soy oil and soy protein concentrates users in the Southeast Europe region. Working closely with key customers, organizing common events, and providing education will rebuild the strengths of local pig production and potentially generate U.S. Soy exports.
USSEC conducted a two-day seminar/workshop on Animal Nutrition and Feed Formulation May 11-12 in Iloilo City, Philippines. The seminar focused on feed formulation in diverse manufacturing and production challenges. Among the participants were the nutritionists and production staff of the commercial feedmills of Philippine Foremost, the sister company of the biggest U.S. soybean meal importer in the country, along with other commercial swine and poultry farms.
The seminar’s theme, “The Science and Application of Animal Nutrition, Feed Production and Feed Formulation,” suggested the significance of using the right nutrient specifications of major ingredients, so the amino acid and energy source ingredients in feed formulation were discussed in particular. The higher digestible essential amino acid content of U.S. soybean meal versus meal of other origins was highlighted and used in the formulation exercises. Other topics included the production and utilization of full fat soy, fats and oil in swine and poultry diets, extrusion process, pest control, application of quality assurance and quality control measures.
The participants found the topics highly relevant and useful as they actively participated during the open forum and in hands-on exercise in feed formulation.
USSEC hosted a two-day soybean meal purchasing workshop in Busan, South Korea May 13 and 14, targeting feed industry purchasing staff. The objective of the workshop was to differentiate U.S. soybean meal from South American soybean meals based on amino acid profile.
Two local speakers discussed applying amino acid to purchasing decisions for soybean meal, along with the latest developments in the international financial and commodity markets. Workshops participants included 24 purchasing staff from 15 feed mills and the Korea Feed Association (KFA).
USSEC shared an amino acid analysis database on soybean meals imported into Korea with the target audiences. The database showed that U.S. soybean meal contained more amino acids in terms of total and essential amino acids. A survey given at the end of the workshop indicated how the audience considers the importance of amino acid at purchasing (6.6 on a 10 point scale); U.S. soybean meal has the advantage in quality, transparent trade, stable supply and risk management (8.0 on 10 point scale); and the U.S. is the most reliable source for soybean meal (8.4 on 10 point scale).
USSEC hosted a poultry feed milling team from the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region at Kansas State University from May 23 – 27. The International Grains Program (IGP) at Kansas State conducted a short course in Poultry Feed Manufacturing, from May 22 – 27.
During that week, twelve visitors from Egypt, three from Tunisia, and one from Morocco had the opportunity to see the latest technologies applied to poultry feed manufacturing, including problem prevention and problem management in commercial feed mills. The correct processing of feed and detailed pelleting manufacturing was a main topic discussed by IGP-KSU professors during the first two days of the course. USSEC consultant Carlos Campabadal was the course coordinator.
The supply and demand of U.S. Soy and U.S. soybean meal and the differences in nutritional quality of soybeans from different origins were also covered. USSEC consultant Miguel Escobar discussed these two topics at length with the participants, who demonstrated great interest with positive comments and questions derived from the presentations. At the end of the week, the group had the opportunity to visit KSU’s feed mill, a commercial feed mill, and a soybean farm.
On May 12, USSEC joined with the Royal Dutch Grain and Feed Trade Association (Het Comite) and the Dutch Feed Industry Association (NEVEDI) in organizing a networking event focused on the “Challenges in Global Raw Material Supply” near the port city of Rotterdam. Over 120 industry representatives participated in the daylong conference, which covered a range of issues currently facing the feed industry in the Netherlands. Former Dutch Minister of the Environment Jacqueline Cramer opened the morning session with a call to broaden the circular economy on resource use in the Netherlands. Additional speakers addressed current challenges in the plant protection business and the Netherlands government’s efforts to increase the use of insects in animal feed. The Chairman of the European Former Foodstuffs Processors Association gave a presentation on efforts to increase industrial food products in animal feed (do not use the word “waste”).
USSEC representative – Northern Europe Eugene Philhower gave a presentation on the sustainability of U.S. soybean production, emphasizing the continuous improvement efforts by U.S. soy growers and the recent inclusion of the U.S. Soybean Sustainability Assurance Protocol (SSAP) on the approved list of FEFAC sourcing guidelines. To address concerns on the volume of sustainable soy available from the United States and the costs involved with sustainable production, Philhower emphasized that almost all U.S. soy is certifiable and that applying for the certificate is free for exporters.
In a panel discussion afterwards, Mr. Philhower presented his thesis: as long as the European model of agriculture was based on livestock production, Europe will continue to import a majority of its protein needs. In that market, the U.S. wants to position itself as a reliable source of high quality, competitively priced and sustainably produced soybeans.
Inter Industrias del Sur Este, formed by eight feed mills, imports U.S. products, especially corn and U.S. soybeans (87,000 metric tons (MT)/year) for those feed mills. The company recently requested USSEC’s advice regarding the use of more full fat soybean meal (FFSBM) in poultry diets because one of its members, CRIO Group, wanted to increase the level of FFSBM in its diets, and they had several questions on the efficient use of FFSBM.
CRIO Group is the fourth largest hen laying company in Mexico with 6.5 million layers and produces 11,000 broilers per week. CRIO uses 5000 MT/month of full-fat soybeans from U.S. beans and also buys 7,500 MT/month of soybean meal. The group’s main questions were related to the nutritional value of FFSBM and soybean meal, the effect of processing in its nutritional value, ways to evaluate good quality FFSBM and soybean meal, as well as many questions about the problems of high levels of FFSBM in diets and general questions about these two soybean products.
To answer these questions, USSEC animal utilization consultant Carlos Campabadal presented two conferences to CRIO’s technical staff titled, “The Effect of Using a Low Quality Processed Soybean Meal” and “The Use of Full Fat Soybeans in Animal Diets.” Dr. Campabadal recommended increasing the level of FFSBM in the poultry diets between five and ten percent.
During this trip, Dr. Campabadal also visited other members of the Inter Industrias del Sur Este including Lorgan, Malta Texo, and Industria Avipecuarias Peninsulares (KAKI), and they received technical assistance in poultry nutrition and feed manufacturing.