News: Southeast Asia
USSEC, together with the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and the Foreign Agricultural Service ‐ United States Department of Agriculture (FAS‐USDA), organized the 12th Southeast Asia U.S. Agriculture Cooperators Conference in Siem Reap, Cambodia from Aug. 25-28. This year’s conference theme was “Opportunities for an Industry in Transition,” and highlighted the changes and challenges faced by agribusinesses today. Economic and population growth, as well as growing affluence in the region, continues to fuel demand for agricultural imports, and the proliferation of trade agreements in the last 15 years has had a major impact on international trade and investment. The event offered a mix of social and networking activities as participants learned about how production and supply chains will make adjustments to meet a new market environment caused by record supplies, the coming together of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) economic community by the end of this year and a lackluster Chinese economy.
USSEC vice chairman and American Soybean Association (ASA) director Jim Miller presented, “U.S. Soy Sustainability Assurance – Soybean Production Practices” and past United Soybean Board (USB) chairman and Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council director Jim Call discussed, “U.S. Grower Perspectives: 2015‐2016 U.S. Soybean Crop Outlook.” Gerald Smith, Senior Agricultural Attaché, FAS-USDA, U.S. Embassy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam welcomed attendees. USSEC CEO Jim Sutter provided opening remarks and USSEC consultant and economist John Baize gave an overview of global oilseeds. “Soy Dynamics in the Asia Subcontinent” was presented by USSEC Country Director – India Vijay Anand, and USSEC consultant Jan van Eys discussed, “Global Poultry Perspectives: Development in the Feed Sector.” USSEC Southeast Asia Technical Director – Aquaculture Lukas Manomaitis talked about opportunities for growth and investment in global aquaculture.
Conference participants represented an estimated soy buying volume of 3.7 million metric tons (MMT) of soybeans and 7.4 MMT of soybean meal.
On a recent grower leader marketing mission, U.S. soybean producers and qualified state soybean board (QSSB) staff learned about the aquaculture industries in China and Southeast Asia (SEA). China, the number one producer of seafood in the world (61 percent), and Southeast Asia, with five countries ranked in the top 10 in global aquaculture production, have been big contributors to the seven percent global annual growth in aquaculture production.
In China, the group visited two commercial freshwater farms, which have recently constructed the intensive in-pond raceway system in existing ponds. This technology was first brought to China via a USSEC feeding demonstration and received notice from much of the Chinese freshwater aquaculture industry because water is one of the largest constraints for the country. Since the first in-pond raceway system was constructed in 2014, there are now more than 100 in use or under construction by commercial industry after the environmental and economic benefits of using this technology were realized. This system allows for the same water to be used over and over, unlike traditional pond culture, which requires new water for each grow out. In addition to conserving water, it allows for the increase of biomass production by at least three.
In Southeast Asia, the group was taken offshore to see some hatcheries and marine species grow out farms. MarineLife Aquaculture, located in Singapore, is a forward-thinking group that is seeing significant growth as a fingerling provider of Asian sea bass to SEA. If SEA can improve the genetic quality of its fish through strong hatcheries as well as moving its offshore aquaculture to more modern production techniques, there will be tremendous growth in an already large producer/industry. MarineLife is working to reach the point where it can give a feedmill a desired formulation for feed, versus buying what the feedmill is selling. The company will begin working hand in hand with the USSEC aquaculture team on which is the best formulation for its fingerlings and then approach the feedmill.
Walter Godwin, United Soybean Board (USB) director, pointed out, “With the projected increase in the world population and the need for more protein, aquaculture is rising to the challenge. The use of soybeans to produce extruded feeds will help the bottom line of American soybean farmers.
In Malaysia, the final site visit for this mission was a tour of ocean cages off the coast of Langkawi. The group visited a pilot research farm that is in partnership with a private farmer and the Malaysian government. This is a new initiative to increase the production of seafood for consumption as well as improve the environmental footprint.
In addition to Mr. Godwin, the delegation of grower leaders included American Soybean Association (ASA) vice president Joe Steinkamp; Indiana Soybean Alliance (ISA) director Matt Chapman; Michigan Soybean Promotion Committee member Laurie Isley; Nebraska Soybean Board director Ed Lammers; and Nebraska Soybean Board director and USB director Greg Greving. QSSB staff included Tony Stafford of the Missouri Soybean Board; Andy Tauer of ISA; and Karen Claghorn of the Iowa Soybean Association.
The trip provided the U.S. Soy delegation with an opportunity to see the tremendous growth and further potential in China and SEA’s aquaculture industry.
USSEC, together with the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and the Foreign Agricultural Service ‐ United States Department of Agriculture (FAS‐USDA), will organize the 12th Southeast Asia U.S. Agriculture Cooperators Conference in Siem Reap, Cambodia from August 25-28. This year’s conference theme is “Opportunities for an Industry in Transition,” and it will highlight the changes and challenges faced by agribusinesses today. Economic and population growth, as well as growing affluence in the region, continues to fuel demand for agricultural imports, and the proliferation of trade agreements in the last 15 years has had a major impact on international trade and investment.
Speakers from the U.S. Soy family include USSEC CEO Jim Sutter; past United Soybean Board (USB) chairman and Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council director Jim Call; USSEC vice chairman and American Soybean Association (ASA) director Jim Miller; USSEC consultant and economist John Baize; USSEC Country Director – India Vijay Anand; USSEC consultant Jan van Eys; and USSEC Southeast Asia Technical Director – Aquaculture Lukas Manomaitis.
The event offers a mix of social and networking activities as participants learn about how production and supply chains will make adjustments to meet a new market environment caused by record supplies, the coming together of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) economic community by the end of this year, and a lackluster Chinese economy. According to USSEC Regional Director – Southeast Asia Timothy Loh, 18 U.S. and international grain exporters and 50 leading importers of soybeans, soybean meal, corn and dried distiller’s grain with solubles (DDGs) will be in attendance, representing an estimated soy buying volume of 3.7 million metric tons (MMT) of soybeans and 7.4 MMT of soybean meal. 13 nationalities, including speakers, will be in attendance with the final estimated number of participants at 170.
The U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC) conducted a two day seminar in the Philippine municipalities of Anda and Bolinao, Pangasinan on September 25 and 26, 2014 targeting milkfish cage technicians, farmers, investors and local government units with the objective of sharing USSEC’s Low Volume High Density (LVHD) cage aquaculture technology along with the latest technologies and benefits of using extruded floating feeds in milkfish cage aquaculture in the Philippines and Southeast Asia (SEA). 67 participants representing milkfish cage technicians, farmers, investors and staff of local government units from Anda and Bolinao along with feedmill representatives attended the two-day forum. The seminar helped participants gain information on how to improve farmers’ production efficiency, transition to sustainable cage farming with the use of extruded floating feeds, proper feed and water quality management, profitability and the lowering of milkfish feed conversion ratio (FCR) in milkfish cage aquaculture. Milkfish farmers adopting technology and management practices discussed in the seminar will measure long-term success. Unless this particular market segment of the market is taught how to be sustainable, local farmers may underperform, dampening the growth of soybean meal (SBM) consumption in the area. Milkfish (Chanos chanos) is the most important fish species in the Philippines with an annual production of 401,070 metric tons (MT) in 2013. The province of Pangasinan produced about 100,682 MT in 2013, or about 25.1 percent of the Philippines’ total milkfish production, with an estimated feed requirement of 241,636 MT and estimated SBM usage of about 91,824 MT. In 2014, Pangasinan’s milkfish production rose to about 114,358 MT with an estimated feed requirement of 274,459 MT and estimated SBM usage of about 104,294 MT. Estimated SBM inclusion rate is at 38 percent. From 2002 to 2013, production of milkfish from aquaculture grew at an average rate of 3.62 percent. USSEC’s current aquaculture program in the Philippines is aimed at setting the foundation for a more sustainable and quality-oriented production base.
Seven panamaxes of U.S. soybean meal (SBM) have been purchased by the Thai Feed Import Group since the U.S. Soybean Export Council (USSEC) brought the company’s leadership to the U.S. on a September 2013 trade mission that included touring grain export facilities in Washington, visiting with Minnesota soybean growers, inspecting the soybean crop in parts of Minnesota, and attending the U.S. Soy Global Trade Exchange in Davenport, Iowa. During February and March 2014, the Thai group purchased two panamaxes from ADM and Bunge with an additional two purchased targeted for November/December 2014 from Bunge. In November 2014, the company purchased three panamaxes again from Bunge equaling about 180,000 metric tons (MT) of U.S. SBM, bringing the 2014 total to seven.
For three days in June 2015, more than 100 representatives from governments, academia, trade associations, industry, and investor groups met in Singapore for the 1st Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Aquaculture Industry Summit, hosted using MAP and FMD funds by the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and the American Soybean Association / U.S Soybean Export Council (ASA / USSEC), along with the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Foreign Agriculture Service (FAS). The summit’s two primary goals were to bring key stakeholders to the table to address constraints on the aquaculture sector and to work together to find common ground for developing a roadmap towards the harmonization of regulatory and certification issues among ASEAN members. Summit sessions addressed: (1) best practices in ASEAN aquaculture farm management; (2) strategies and future of ASEAN feed management; (3) regulation and legislation related to aquaculture; and (4) investment prospects in aquaculture.
H.E. Kirk Wagar, Ambassador of the United States to Singapore, was a keynote speaker at the summit, and noted the extraordinary 7.8 percent annual growth rate for aquaculture in the region in the past two decades. At the end of the summit, a dossier containing seven proposed action items was presented to the ASEAN secretariat. The action items encouraged the harmonization of efforts in Southeast Asia’s aquaculture industry, including the establishment of the ASEAN Community of 2015 to help boost the development of the aquaculture community and trade in aquaculture products, the welcome and support of ASEAN’s implementation of programs and activities, the development of a strategic plan of action for ASEAN Cooperation on Food, Agriculture and Forestry 2016-2025, and ASEAN’s effort to promote public-private sector participation in the aquaculture sector, particularly suggesting coordination in Indonesia. By 2050, Asia is expected to account for about 90 percent of global aquaculture production, feeding a population totaling 9.2 billion. Southeast Asia is a big contributor to the aquaculture industry, with 54 percent of ASEAN seafood production in 2012 coming from aquaculture.
The recent Southeast Asia Trade Mission, organized by USSEC, consisted of 35 executives representing 30 countries including Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines and Myanmar. Companies such as integrated food processors, oilseed crushers, livestock raisers, livestock feed producers, soy food manufacturers and local trading companies were represented. The goal of this mission was to highlight the value of U.S. agricultural products, promote the U.S. as the one-point ag-solution provider to international customers, and deliver U.S. Soy’s Total Quality promise.
During the ten day mission, the trade team toured grain export facilities in the Washington State, visited with Minnesota soybean growers and inspected the soybean crop in parts of Minnesota, before joining over 200 representatives from 40 different countries at the highlight of this mission: the U.S. Soy Global Trade Exchange in Davenport, Iowa. Co-located with the 10th Annual Midwest Specialty Grains/Grain Export Shipping Conference & Trade Show, the U.S. Soy Global Trade Exchange featured two days of meetings and presentations, facility and river tours, as well as private meetings with U.S. exporters for introductions, market discussions and the exploration of business opportunities.
Based on written evaluations received from trade team members, the overall experience of this year’s trade mission has been extremely positive. As with every mission since its 2008 inception, actual trades and business have been negotiated and concluded. This year, an estimated value of almost $98 million worth of approximately 155,000 metric tons of soybeans, 30,000 metric tons of soybean meal, 10,000 metric tons of corn, 25,000 metric tons of dried distiller grains with solubles (DDGS), and 5,000 metric tons of wheat were transacted by the trade team at the event.
This program is funded by and under the auspices of the United Soybean Board, the American Soybean Association and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Key contributors to this mission include: AG Processing; Bunge North America; Columbia Grain, Minnesota Soybean Research & Promotion Council; North Dakota Soybean Council; South Dakota Soybean Research & Promotion Council; Midwest Shippers Association; and Iowa Soybean Association.